Karl Wilhelm Naundorff who the Dutch government recognized as King Louis XVII
Karl Wilhelm Naundorff died in 1845 in Delft (the Netherlands), where he was buried under the name of Louis Charles, Duc de Normandie, Louis XVII on his tomb one can read: « Ici repose Louis XVII, Roi de France et de Navarre, né à Versailles le 27 mars 1785, décédé le 10 août 1845,»
Louis XVII was the name of Louis Charles (1785-?), the second son of the French
King Louis XVI (1754 -1793) and Marie- Antoinette (1755- 1793).
According to the official records, Louis Charles died of tuberculosis in the
Temple (in Paris) on 8 June 1795. At the beginning of the 19th Century, about several ten of individuals claimed to be the son of Louis
XVII. The most famous of them is Naundorff, who came in Paris on
May 1833. He could apparently provide sufficient circumstantial evidence to
convince ex members of the court of Versailles (and specially Mme de Rambaud, maid of the Dauphin) of his descent.
Naundorff was deported to England by the French authorities, after twenty-six
days of prison, on july 1836.
About fifteen years ago, Professor Cassiman excluded Naundorff as the son of Marie Antoinette on the basis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences of his
remains compared with the sequences obtained from the hairs of two sisters of Marie Antoinette, Marie Antoinette herself, and with the sequences obtained
from DNA samples of two living maternal relatives.
Very recently the same Laboratory produced the Y – chromosome STR profiles of three different members of the House of Bourbon. The goal of the present
article presented by The International Journal of Science is to compare these profiles to that of Hughes de Bourbon, a direct French Naundorff’s descendant,
in order to elucidate patrilinear relationships between him and these members of the Bourbon’s family.
Comparison photos of King Henri III of Navarre and IV of France and Prince Hughes father, Charles Edmond de Bourbon, Count of Poitiers.
Hughes de Bourbon (born in 1974) is the 4th generation living descendant of Karl Naundorff. The Naundorff’s legacy bears today legally (confirmatory judgement of the Tribunal de la Seine , 26 November 1913) in France the «de Bourbon» name ; initially, the judgments of Bois-le-Duc (12 march 1888) and of Maëstricht (20 may 1891) Tribunals accorded the use of the «de Bourbon» name to the Naundorff’s family members.
Prince Hughes de Bourbon is the only son of Charles- Louis Edmond de Bourbon (Charles XII de jure) the last dynast of the elder branch ; so Hughes
could be the present King de jure, since 2008.
The Conclusions could not be more surprising:
Results reported in the present study concerning comparisons of genetic markers of theY- chromosome between Hughes de Bourbon and three living males of the House of Bourbon recently published (Larmuseau et al 2) establish that:
1/ Hughes de Bourbon belongs to the same terminal sub-clade of SNP patriline age of current differenciation (cladeR1b1a2a1a1, SNPsub-terminalmarkerS21) than the other Bourbons studied (these Bourbons were not tested for S21 but, being Z381+,areobligatoryS21+).
2/ The high-resolution profile (in our own 27–STRs system of comparison) of Hughes de Bourbon is greatly similar to those of the other Bourbons, differing from them by six .
3/ On the basis of this criterium of six mutations of difference Hughes de Bourbon can be considered as being a member of the de Bourbon family, according to the established rules of genealogical relationships in recent families with identical surnames.
It must be noted that this six mutations threshold of differences concerns families of relatively recent origins 19. So, because the Bourbon family is a very ancient one (that can be traced back at least since Henri IV, for the royal french dynasties), such a six mutations criterium of differences corresponds to a minimal value.
Striking resemblance between King Louis XVI and Prince Hughes of Bourbon